The Windows Server Insiders Team has released a new build for those running the new Windows Server Insider Preview. The Windows Subsystem for Linux has been released on the Server build, which is a great addition. Check out the blog post for more.
What’s New in Build 16257 for Windows Server
Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) is available on Windows Server
Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) is now available on Windows Server along with a compliment of Linux distributions.
Test WSL on Windows Server. WSL runs unmodified Linux (ELF64) binaries natively. With the additions of WSL you can run node.js, Ruby, Python, Perl, Bash scripts or other tools that expect Linux behaviors, environment, or filesystem-layout, the ability to install and run Linux with WSL expands the tools at your disposal on Windows Server.
At this time, WSL does not support persistent Linux services (such as daemons and jobs) as background tasks. To enable WSL and install a Linux distribution, see Enable the Windows Subsystem for Linux and Install a Linux distribution in the Windows Server 2016 Installation Guide on GitHub.