The Xbox One is able to monitor it’s temperature and adjust the fan speed and it’s power usage based on if it’s overheating. This is something that may have helped the initial runs of the Xbox 360 and it’s overheating causing the RRoD’s.
“We can’t prevent misuse of the product," del Castillo says, "but we can certainly anticipate it." That’s done by the Xbox being aware of the temperature it’s running at, and having the capacity to cool itself down in a few ways. "The way we designed the box, we don’t actually intend it to ever have to go to maximum speed under normal environmental conditions. But there is overhead. So we’ll allow the fan to go all the way up to its maximum speed and if that solves the condition without the user having to do anything."